Anathema


Anathema
   Anything laid up or suspended; hence anything laid up in a temple or set apart as sacred. In this sense the form of the word is anath(ee)ma, once in plural used in the Greek New Testament, in Luke 21:5, where it is rendered "gifts." In the LXX. the form anathema is generally used as the rendering of the Hebrew word herem, derived from a verb which means (1) to consecrate or devote; and (2) to exterminate. Any object so devoted to the Lord could not be redeemed (Num. 18:14; Lev. 27:28, 29); and hence the idea of exterminating connected with the word. The Hebrew verb (haram) is frequently used of the extermination of idolatrous nations. It had a wide range of application. The anathema_ or _herem was a person or thing irrevocably devoted to God (Lev. 27:21, 28); and "none devoted shall be ransomed. He shall surely be put to death" (27:29). The word therefore carried the idea of devoted to destruction (Num. 21:2, 3; Josh. 6:17); and hence generally it meant a thing accursed. In Deut. 7:26 an idol is called a herem = anathema, a thing accursed.
   In the New Testament this word always implies execration. In some cases an individual denounces an anathema on himself unless certain conditions are fulfilled (Acts 23:12, 14, 21). "To call Jesus accursed" [anathema] (1 Cor. 12:3) is to pronounce him execrated or accursed. If any one preached another gospel, the apostle says, "let him be accursed" (Gal. 1:8, 9); i.e., let his conduct in so doing be accounted accursed.
   In Rom. 9:3, the expression "accursed" (anathema) from Christ, i.e., excluded from fellowship or alliance with Christ, has occasioned much difficulty. The apostle here does not speak of his wish as a possible thing. It is simply a vehement expression of feeling, showing how strong was his desire for the salvation of his people.
   The anathema in 1 Cor. 16:22 denotes simply that they who love not the Lord are rightly objects of loathing and execration to all holy beings; they are guilty of a crime that merits the severest condemnation; they are exposed to the just sentence of "everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord."

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Anathema — Anathema …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Anathema — • Placed on high, suspended, set aside Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Anathema     Anathema     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anathema — (in Greek Ανάθεμα) meaning originally something lifted up as an offering to the gods; later, with evolving meanings, it came to mean: # to be formally set apart, # banished, exiled, excommunicated or # denounced, sometimes… …   Wikipedia

  • Anathema — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el vocablo griego, véase Anatema. Anathema Anathema tocando en vivo en España en 2007 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anathema — Фестиваль Festimad 2007, Мадрид …   Википедия

  • Anathema — sur scène en 2007. Pays d’origine Liverpool …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ANATHEMA — ut et Devotio ac Sacrum, interdum rem pietatis ergo Numini sacratam, interdum diris onustam denotat; cum scil. utraque devovebatur, haec ut malorum Vindici, illa ut bonorum Auctori Conservatorique. Unde et Hebraeum Cherem, seu Anathema aut… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Anathema — A*nath e*ma, n.; pl. {Anathemas}. [L. anath[e^]ma, fr. Gr. ? anything devoted, esp. to evil, a curse; also L. anath[=e]ma, fr. Gr. ? a votive offering; all fr. ? to set up as a votive gift, dedicate; ? up + ? to set. See {Thesis}.] 1. A ban or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anathema — (n.) 1520s, an accursed thing, from L. anathema an excommunicated person; the curse of excommunication, from Gk. anathema a thing accursed, originally a thing devoted, lit. a thing set up (to the gods), from ana up (see ANA (Cf. ana )) + tithenai …   Etymology dictionary

  • anathema — 1. The meaning has changed over several centuries of use. Originally a Greek word meaning ‘a thing dedicated’ it then came to mean ‘a thing dedicated to evil; an accursed thing’ and then, in the context of the Christian Church, ‘the act or… …   Modern English usage

  • Anathēma — Anathēma, 1) (gr. Ant.), ein, einer Gottheit geweihtes Geschenk, bes. Kränze, Gewänder, Gefäße, erbeutete Waffen, Kunstwerke etc., um, mit Inschriften versehen, od. von einer Votivtafel od. einem Gemälde begleitet, im Tempel niedergelegt od.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon